Training: Medical degree with honors from the University of West Indies; Oxford University (Rhodes Scholar); MA Physiology. Internal medicine residency Mayo Clinic; Ph.D. degree Biochemistry, University of Minnesota, Mayo Graduate School.
Positions held: Chair, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Director for Research Mayo Clinic (Rochester) (1989-1992). Board of Governors Mayo Clinic in Rochester; Mayo Clinic Board of Trustees (1992-2009); Mayo Clinic Board of Governors (1999-2006). Mayo Distinguished Investigator; Emeritus Director, Mayo Clinic Comprehensive Cancer Center and Mayo Center for Individualized Medicine.
Extensive interactions over many years with National Institutes of Health (NIH): Board of Advisors for the Division of Research Grants; National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council; Board of Scientific Advisors of the National Cancer Institute; National Cancer Advisory Board.
Honors and awards: Rhodes Scholarship; D.Sc’s Purdue University and University of West Indies; Outstanding Graduate, University of the West Indies; Outstanding Graduate, College of Biological Sciences from the University of Minnesota; Musgrave Gold Medal from the Institute of Jamaica, Director, Eli Lilly.